Winter Fishing

Ice Fishing for Bass before the Ice Hits

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Ice fishermen often rely on the smallest of offerings in order to jig up lethargic bass through hard water, yet many bass fishermen snicker at the notion of utilizing ice fishing tactics while angling from their boats or docks on open water. At first glance, ice jigs appear to have little appeal. It seems impossible for a tiny piece of metal, nearly absent of action, to produce quality bass, but those who refrain from skepticism and give them a fair shot while there’s still open water will be awarded with some surprising results.

When it works

As bass migrate to their wintering areas and school up, many anglers prefer to target them with various vertical presentations. Vibrating blade baits, such as the “silver buddy,” and the drop shot rig are just a couple of cold water go-to’s, but ice fishing jigs also deserve a place in every northern angler’s tackle box during the cold water months. Where they differ from most presentations is their unique action (really, a lack there of) which makes them irresistible to sluggish bass seeking an easily captured morsel. Any time the water temperatures dip beneath 50 degrees, ice fishing tactics will often produce more action than more popular methods of bass angling, as their subtle action proves to be far more realistic in cold water situations.

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Where to try it

Wintering areas such as main lake basins, rocky humps with steep drop offs, and deep wood cover are ideal locations to vertically present ice jigs. Northern Largemouth and Smallmouth both complete their migrations to wintering areas prior to ice forming on the water. The major move occurs when surface temperatures dip below 55 degrees, which typically occurs in late October or early November in most northern states.

Ice jigs do not move very much water, making for a very subtly presentation. Due to their silent approach, they will produce greater results in water bodies with moderate to good visibility.

Though wintering areas are most likely only accessible by boat, fish can also be targeted utilizing ice fishing jigs by anglers with dock access, and, in some instances, from shore before bass make their push out to deep water. Clam Outdoors ice fishing pro-staff member, Michael Jasensky, jigs between boat slips at his local marina for trophy smallmouth in the early fall months utilizing extremely light line and micro ice jigs.

“I’ve found that vertical jigging small tungsten jigs I would normally be using through the ice far outperforms typical cast and retrieve methods,” said Jasensky, who admits he too was shocked when he first realized how easily giant smallmouth could be duped by a bait with such a small profile.

Right on the Mark

Since wintering fish school tightly, there will often be a ‘spot on a spot’ that anglers have to accurately target in order to get their jigs into the strike zone. Drifting even a foot or two in any given direction can be the difference between a skunk and a boatload.

While boat anglers can easily use their electronics to pinpoint these areas, dock fishermen do not have this luxury. To increase his odds of locating the motherlode, Jasensky uses the same Vexilar flasher he brings on the ice, dropping the transducer off the edge of the docks to monitor any activity below.

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The Arsenal

Whether using ice jigs on a dock or from the deck of a fishing boat, anglers’ tackle and jig selection should conform to the specific depth and cover they are targeting.

  • Rods – For recreational purposes, short jigging rods often used for ice fishing and spinning reels in the 1000-size range can be used by anglers seeking a fun fight on light tackle. However, the compact rod and reel combos also serve a great purpose when battling big bass in close quarters.

    “When jigging between boat slips, I prefer to use a 28-inch Jason Mitchell ‘Meatstick’ rather than a longer spinning rod because the shorter rod allows me to accurately jig and effectively fight fish in very tight spaces,” Jasensky said.

    The most important characteristic to be taken into consideration when selecting a rod to use when jigging from a boat is sensitivity. While light action spinning rods longer than 6 feet often suffice for most finesse presentations, even the largest of bass striking an ice jig can be extremely difficult to detect, as the hit often feels more like a tap from a bluegill than a bass swallowing the bait whole.

    If anglers find themselves struggling to maintain a feel for the tiny baits in deep water, downsizing to an ultralight trout or panfish setup may prove helpful. However, lengthier rods with a more parabolic bend are better suited for playing big bass on light tackle.

  • Line – Braided line also increases sensitivity. Though the inclusion of a 24-inch piece of 4 to 6-pound test fluorocarbon leader is usually necessary, the drastically reduced memory of braid will help anglers vertically presenting ice jigs to detect strikes and bury the hook into fish’s tough upper jaws with wispy rods.
  • Jigs – When employing the method from boat docks, Jasensky relies on Clam’s Dingle Drop and Ant Drop jigs tipped with Maki soft plastics to get the job done.
    “I’ve found the small tungsten jigs tipped with micro soft plastics work best for targeting shallower docks due to the abundance of tiny forage that hangs around the algae growth,” said the Clam Powerstick pro.
  • Spoons – Fishing in deeper wintering areas requires a heavier and slightly larger jig. When targeting 30+ feet of water, all-metal ice jigs which best mimic the profile of substantial baitfish overwhelmingly outperform the micro soft plastics that produce in shallower situations. The Rapala Jigging Rap, Swedish Pimple and other compact 1/4-ounce or heavier spoons offer better performance in deep water.

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The bounce

Any good ice fisherman knows how to achieve this ever-important action. Rather than sweeping or aggressively lifting the rod tip, “the bounce” imparts action in a jig without really moving the rod. In order to impart this action, anglers must allow the weight of the jig to put a slight bow in their rods, applying light pressure against the weight of the lure as to lift it off of the bottom ever so slightly. Repeatedly letting up on the pressure being held against the weight of the jig causes the bait to bob subtly just above the bottom, a motion which causes the jig to closely resemble a sluggish and unsuspecting baitfish.

Multispecies bonuses

Ice jigs appeal to nearly everything that swims. Slab crappie, jumbo yellow and white perch, bluegill, trout, walleye and even stripers can be taken on the bitsy baits. So get to bouncing around some ice fishing jigs before hard water sets in for some superb fish-catching action this winter.