Water Milfoil – Myriophyllum


NorthernM. sibiricum
EurasianM. spicatum
Variable leafM. heterophyllum
Whorl leafM. verticillatum

There are several species of water milfoil found throughout North America. In general, milfoil will have soft, submerged stems and feather-like leaves. The leaves will have leaflets that make up the feather-like appearance; one of the best ways to identify the various species is through leaflet counts.

Leaves grow in a whorl pattern typically of 4 leaves per node. Milfoil can reproduce through fragmentation, seeds and rhizomes. Milfoil forms dense, woven colonies in 1 to 20 feet of water with heavy surface mats typically in clear water. Juvenile fish will utilize the dense internal cover, while predators use the edges to ambush prey and the dense mat for shade.

Go-to presentations: You can fish milfoil very similarly to how you’d fish hydrilla. Ripping reaction lures through it will draw bone-jarring strikes from nearby bass lurking in the shadows.